Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder of the glucose level in our body, meaning the glucose level in our body is unstable. While doctors do not know precisely the cause of diabetes mellitus, the reason is clear which is there is not enough insulin to regulate the glucose level in our system.

Although the actual cause of diabetes mellitus is not clear, there are several reason people have diabetes mellitus, which can be caused by several factors.  The most common factor is because they are obese or overweight. It has been shown that a significant weight loss in diabetes patients reduce or even reverse diabetes mellitus type 2 of it is caught early. The other factor is a lack of physical activity. An increase in exercise or physical activity can reduce the symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 2.

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Diabetes Mellitus is a Disorder of The Glucose Level

The glucose level in our system is regulated by the hormone insulin. When the glucose level is unstable, whether it is too high or too low, people will develop a condition called hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, or hyperglycemia or high blood sugar. In a normal body, the glucose level is regulated by insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. In people with diabetes mellitus, they are suffering from the following condition:

The pancreas does not produce insulin

The pancreas produces too little insulin

The body is not responding to insulin

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 The first condition where the pancreas does not produce insulin is called diabetes mellitus type 1. The only solution to this is by taking insulin injection.

The second and third conditions are known as diabetes mellitus type 2. People suffering from this condition can greatly benefit an increase in physical activity, a better diet, a significant weight loss if they are overweight, and in some cases will be able to reverse it if caught early. The increase in metabolism from exercise will increase the insulin level which naturally will lower the glucose level.

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A better diet is also prescribed by doctors and dietitians or diabetes counselors, because there are many foods that need to be avoided if you have diabetes mellitus. These foods are known as high glycemic index food. High glycemic index food is the type of food that can cause a spike in your glucose level. Avoiding these types of food will enable you to control your glucose level at a more appropriate level without the help of drugs.

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Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of the glucose level; hence the solution is to manage the glucose level at an acceptable level. You have to measure your glucose level on a daily basis using the glucose meter reading. The acceptable level for glucose level is under 100 in your meter reading, taken in the morning after 10 hours of fasting. A reading of 100 to 120 means you are at a condition called prediabetic. This is a condition where if treated early and managed well, you can reverse your diabetes and will never become a full blown diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of the glucose level. If the glucose level is unstable, you have to take action before it becomes a full blown diabetes mellitus.

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If you have diabetes, you must know what ketoacidosis is, because left untreated, it is a condition that can lead to serious implications. Being familiar with the following signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis can save your life.

First before we dig deep into signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, let’s start with getting familiar with the term ketoacidosis. This is the condition when our body produces ketones, which is the by-product of our own metabolism when our body starts burning fat instead of glucose.

Ketones are basically some form of acids which exist in the blood and they also appear in the urine. This usually happens when the build up of ketones in our blood is high and our body does not have enough insulin. Normally, our body will turn carbohydrates into glucose for energy, which is used by our cells and tissues. When our body’s cells do not get enough energy from glucose, they will start burning fat to get the energy needed.

signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis

The side effect of this is that our body can have a high level of ketones. Why is this bad? This is a dangerous condition because high levels of ketones can lead to serious condition such as diabetic coma, or even death.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Now that we know how ketoacidosis happens, we need to understand the next step which is to know the signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis.

The first and most important signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis is the presence of high ketones level in your urine. That is a sign that the diabetes condition is out of control and you are getting sick. The reason is because if the level of ketones is too high, they can poison your body. This poisoning of the body by ketones is what is called ketoacidosis.

The other symptoms are very similar to the usual diabetes signs, such as nausea, trembling, feeling weak, vomiting, frequent urination, thirst, dry mouth, and sweating. These signs are not definitive, so you have to check your urine with the physician to know for sure.

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Ketoacidosis is a condition that is normally associated with type 1 diabetes, where the body does not produce insulin. It is rare in people with type 2 diabetes, because the body still produces insulin although the body is not responding effectively to it. However it may happen to type 2 diabetes patients especially if they have poor health, or if they are older.

Now that we know the signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, what is the treatment? Unfortunately the only effective treatment is hospitalization. However, the good news is that modern technology allows you to detect ketones with a simple urine test. You use a test strip which is similar to the glucose strip you use to test your blood level. Please check with your physician if this is something that you need to worry about. The regular physical examination will be able to tell you if you are in danger of having high ketones level and in need of a regular ketones test at home.

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