We have a lot of improvement and progress in the science of medical field, including the diagnosis and early detection of most illnesses. How about type 2 diabetes? Do you know how most people find out they have type 2 diabetes? If you guessed from the doctor, you guessed correctly. The reason is because most people who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes do not know they have it. This is where understanding the signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes is crucial in detecting this disease, as well as improving the rate of early detection.

Signs and Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

The signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes are easy to notice, but difficult to differentiate if you are not paying close attention. Here are the most common signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes: Frequent urination, Frequent thirst, Frequent hunger, Unusual weight loss, Fatigue, Frequent Infections, Blurred vision, Tingling and numbness in hands and feet.

Let’s discuss those signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes one by one.

Frequent urination

If you do not have any significant changes in your physical activities, for instance you are not working harder than usual, or exercise more than usual, and yet you notice you experience frequent urination, then this is a sign that you need to pay attention to. The medical reason behind this is that your body’s cells and tissues rely on glucose to use as the source of energy. If there is not enough insulin to process the glucose, it will stay in the blood vessels and as a result your blood sugar level or glucose increases, and your cells and tissues will not get the glucose that they need and you feel thirsty. The more you drink, the more you need to urinate.

Frequent thirst

As discussed above, the reason you feel constantly thirsty is because your body’s cells and tissues do not get enough glucose to power them. The lack of glucose results in feeling constantly thirsty.

Frequent hunger

This is an exact replica of the frequent thirst as part of signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes. When your body does not get enough glucose to use as energy, you will feel hungry and thirsty.

Unusual weight loss

Unusual weight loss is another one in the list of signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes. The reason behind it is that your body is losing in fat and muscles to use as the source of energy.


As explained above, the lack of glucose entering your cells and tissues, causes you to feel tired all the time.

Frequent infections

If you notice you get some sort of infection quite often, including rashes on the skin that just won’t heal, or sore throat that won’t heal, this is another symptom of type 2 diabetes.

Blurred vision

The high level of glucose in the blood can cause blurry vision. If you experience this symptom without any warning, you need to see your doctor immediately.

Tingling and numbness on your hands and feet

One of the side effects of high blood sugar level is a reduction in the effectiveness of blood circulation. Since hands and feet are the farthest away from the heart, they suffer the most. The tingling feeling on your toes and fingers are the sign you experience poor blood circulation there.

I hope this article will help you to know better about signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Please visit your doctor if you have those signs I describe above.


Diabetes Rates by Country

by admin on April 20, 2019

Diabetes is one of the fastest growing non communicable diseases in the world. The rate of each country varies wildly, so obviously it is of high interest to know diabetes rates by country using the latest available data. The finding has a lot of surprises.

From the latest available figure, which is from 2010, it was estimated about 285 million people suffer from type 2 diabetes. Both developed and developing nations have a high rate of diabetes, but it is quite rare in poor or underdeveloped countries. From this basic and simple fact we can see that lifestyle is the reason for this increase. For instance, developed and developing countries have generally more sedentary lifestyle due to technology, yet at the same time they have access to more unhealthy food. People from underdeveloped countries on the other hand, do not have excess food intake, hence the obesity is low, and yet they do not have technology to rely on so physical activities remain high.

Diabetes Rates by Country

diabetes rates by country diabetes rates by country

As mentioned earlier, it was estimated that there are 285 million people with diabetes. Of those about 90% of diabetes cases is type 2 diabetes. In comparison to the world’s population, this is more than 5% of the world’s adult population, so this is a high, and sadly increasing numbers. Although diabetes is common both in developed and developing countries, it remains uncommon, however, in the underdeveloped world where the populations have different lifestyle. It has been postulated and probably quite accurately that people in underdeveloped countries are more active and at the same time do not over eat; two of the main known causes of diabetes. That is why it comes to no one’s surprise that the top of the lists are countries that have adopted a more modern life style and food, including fast food.

In terms of gender, women seem to be at a greater risk in getting diabetes, compared to men. Scientists have not come to any definite conclusion based on their studies to answer this basic fact. As for ethnicity, certain ethnic groups have higher rate of diabetes compared to others, for instance South Asians, Pacific Islanders, Latinos, and Native Americans. As mentioned earlier, this may be caused by the adoption of a Western lifestyle in certain ethnic groups, including the spread of fast food in those countries which happened only in recent years.

diabetes rates by country - world diabetes statistics world diabetes statistics

Compared to previous years, what is the situation today? Based on the data from various reputable organizations such as WHO, CDC, we know that the cases of diabetes in 1985 were estimated at 30 million, increasing to 135 million in 1995 and 217 million in 2005. This increase is caused by a decrease in exercise and the adoption of a more sedentary lifestyle, and increasing rates of obesity with the spread of western style food including fast food.

Below is the list of diabetes rates by country as of 2010.

Country Diabetes Rate
 Nauru  30.9%
 UAE  18.7%
 Saudi Arabia  16.8%
 Mauritius  16.2%
 Bahrain  15.4%
 Reunion  15.3%
 Kuwait  14.6%
 Oman  13.4%
 Tonga  13.4%
 Malaysia  11.6%


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