We have a lot of improvement and progress in the science of medical field, including the diagnosis and early detection of most illnesses. How about type 2 diabetes? Do you know how most people find out they have type 2 diabetes? If you guessed from the doctor, you guessed correctly. The reason is because most people who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes do not know they have it. This is where understanding the signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes is crucial in detecting this disease, as well as improving the rate of early detection.

Signs and Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

The signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes are easy to notice, but difficult to differentiate if you are not paying close attention. Here are the most common signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes: Frequent urination, Frequent thirst, Frequent hunger, Unusual weight loss, Fatigue, Frequent Infections, Blurred vision, Tingling and numbness in hands and feet.

Let’s discuss those signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes one by one.

Frequent urination

If you do not have any significant changes in your physical activities, for instance you are not working harder than usual, or exercise more than usual, and yet you notice you experience frequent urination, then this is a sign that you need to pay attention to. The medical reason behind this is that your body’s cells and tissues rely on glucose to use as the source of energy. If there is not enough insulin to process the glucose, it will stay in the blood vessels and as a result your blood sugar level or glucose increases, and your cells and tissues will not get the glucose that they need and you feel thirsty. The more you drink, the more you need to urinate.

Frequent thirst

As discussed above, the reason you feel constantly thirsty is because your body’s cells and tissues do not get enough glucose to power them. The lack of glucose results in feeling constantly thirsty.

Frequent hunger

This is an exact replica of the frequent thirst as part of signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes. When your body does not get enough glucose to use as energy, you will feel hungry and thirsty.

Unusual weight loss

Unusual weight loss is another one in the list of signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes. The reason behind it is that your body is losing in fat and muscles to use as the source of energy.


As explained above, the lack of glucose entering your cells and tissues, causes you to feel tired all the time.

Frequent infections

If you notice you get some sort of infection quite often, including rashes on the skin that just won’t heal, or sore throat that won’t heal, this is another symptom of type 2 diabetes.

Blurred vision

The high level of glucose in the blood can cause blurry vision. If you experience this symptom without any warning, you need to see your doctor immediately.

Tingling and numbness on your hands and feet

One of the side effects of high blood sugar level is a reduction in the effectiveness of blood circulation. Since hands and feet are the farthest away from the heart, they suffer the most. The tingling feeling on your toes and fingers are the sign you experience poor blood circulation there.

I hope this article will help you to know better about signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Please visit your doctor if you have those signs I describe above.


Meals for Diabetics Type 2

by admin on September 21, 2019

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Most people have this misconception that if you have diabetes type 2 then your options for meals will be severely limited. Meals for diabetics type 2 are delicious, rich and varied if you know what to choose.

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Meals for diabetics type 2 – overview

First you should know about glycemic index, which measures how fast a certain food can cause your glucose or also known as blood sugar level, to spike really high after a meal. High glycemic index food, also known as high GI food, should be avoided. Low GI food will raise your glucose level more slowly and over time, will stabilize your glucose level as well as the HBA1C number.

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Meals for diabetics type 2 – the GI index list

When it comes to choosing the right meals for diabetics type 2, the first and foremost action plan is to avoid high GI food. Below is a short list of high GI food.

Potatoes – baked potatoes, French fries, potato chips.

Rice – short grain white rice, long grain white rice, jasmine rice, sticky rice, enriched rice.

Bread – white bread, Italian bread.

Bakery products – bagels, pretzels, donuts, croissant.

Juice – almost all kind of fruit juice need to be avoided since they are high in sugar. Most are made from concentrate with added sugar.

Fruits – melon, watermelon, pineapple, cherries, dried cherries, raisins, grapes.

Cereal – most cereals have high GI index, for example fruit loops, corn flakes. One exception is the All Bran which has a medium to low GI index so it is safe to consume. Look at the labels closely to find out the sugar and carb content.

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Meals for diabetics type 2 – food with low GI index

Pasta – most pasta have medium GI index, so they are safe to consume. Pasta is a good substitute for rice and potatoes as the source of carb. We still need healthy carb as part of our diet.

Rice – although rice is bad for people with type 2 diabetes, there are exceptions. Basmati rice and brown rice are acceptable.

Bread – similar to rice, almost all bread are bad for people with type 2 diabetes, with the exception of pumpernickel bread which has low GI index, and sourdough bread which has medium GI index.

Fruits – bananas, most berries (strawberry, blueberry, blackberry), prunes, apples, oranges. Fruits should be eaten in moderation if they are medium GI index such as oranges.

Vegetables – almost all vegetables are safe to eat.

Beans and peas – beans and peas are good for people with type 2 diabetes. For instance, black beans, red beans, green peas, chickpeas, and any other kind of beans are low in GI value and safe to consume.

Meat, poultry, fish, and other seafood products – this is safe to eat because they do not have GI value. Of course you still have to eat them in moderation because they contain fat and cholesterol, so eating too much of this is not good either.

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Meals for diabetics type 2 – summary

Based on the list above, you can easily make a conclusion of what kind of meals you can safely consume. For instance, you can make any meal containing baked salmon, grilled chicken, with salad and baked beans as a side. You can easily find a lot of recipes online as long as you choose from the low GI index food above.


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