Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder of the glucose level in our body, meaning the glucose level in our body is unstable. While doctors do not know precisely the cause of diabetes mellitus, the reason is clear which is there is not enough insulin to regulate the glucose level in our system.

Although the actual cause of diabetes mellitus is not clear, there are several reason people have diabetes mellitus, which can be caused by several factors.  The most common factor is because they are obese or overweight. It has been shown that a significant weight loss in diabetes patients reduce or even reverse diabetes mellitus type 2 of it is caught early. The other factor is a lack of physical activity. An increase in exercise or physical activity can reduce the symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 2.

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Diabetes Mellitus is a Disorder of The Glucose Level

The glucose level in our system is regulated by the hormone insulin. When the glucose level is unstable, whether it is too high or too low, people will develop a condition called hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, or hyperglycemia or high blood sugar. In a normal body, the glucose level is regulated by insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. In people with diabetes mellitus, they are suffering from the following condition:

The pancreas does not produce insulin

The pancreas produces too little insulin

The body is not responding to insulin

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 The first condition where the pancreas does not produce insulin is called diabetes mellitus type 1. The only solution to this is by taking insulin injection.

The second and third conditions are known as diabetes mellitus type 2. People suffering from this condition can greatly benefit an increase in physical activity, a better diet, a significant weight loss if they are overweight, and in some cases will be able to reverse it if caught early. The increase in metabolism from exercise will increase the insulin level which naturally will lower the glucose level.

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A better diet is also prescribed by doctors and dietitians or diabetes counselors, because there are many foods that need to be avoided if you have diabetes mellitus. These foods are known as high glycemic index food. High glycemic index food is the type of food that can cause a spike in your glucose level. Avoiding these types of food will enable you to control your glucose level at a more appropriate level without the help of drugs.

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Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of the glucose level; hence the solution is to manage the glucose level at an acceptable level. You have to measure your glucose level on a daily basis using the glucose meter reading. The acceptable level for glucose level is under 100 in your meter reading, taken in the morning after 10 hours of fasting. A reading of 100 to 120 means you are at a condition called prediabetic. This is a condition where if treated early and managed well, you can reverse your diabetes and will never become a full blown diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of the glucose level. If the glucose level is unstable, you have to take action before it becomes a full blown diabetes mellitus.

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Meals for Diabetics Type 2

by admin on March 29, 2017

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Most people have this misconception that if you have diabetes type 2 then your options for meals will be severely limited. Meals for diabetics type 2 are delicious, rich and varied if you know what to choose.

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Meals for diabetics type 2 – overview

First you should know about glycemic index, which measures how fast a certain food can cause your glucose or also known as blood sugar level, to spike really high after a meal. High glycemic index food, also known as high GI food, should be avoided. Low GI food will raise your glucose level more slowly and over time, will stabilize your glucose level as well as the HBA1C number.

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Meals for diabetics type 2 – the GI index list

When it comes to choosing the right meals for diabetics type 2, the first and foremost action plan is to avoid high GI food. Below is a short list of high GI food.

Potatoes – baked potatoes, French fries, potato chips.

Rice – short grain white rice, long grain white rice, jasmine rice, sticky rice, enriched rice.

Bread – white bread, Italian bread.

Bakery products – bagels, pretzels, donuts, croissant.

Juice – almost all kind of fruit juice need to be avoided since they are high in sugar. Most are made from concentrate with added sugar.

Fruits – melon, watermelon, pineapple, cherries, dried cherries, raisins, grapes.

Cereal – most cereals have high GI index, for example fruit loops, corn flakes. One exception is the All Bran which has a medium to low GI index so it is safe to consume. Look at the labels closely to find out the sugar and carb content.

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Meals for diabetics type 2 – food with low GI index

Pasta – most pasta have medium GI index, so they are safe to consume. Pasta is a good substitute for rice and potatoes as the source of carb. We still need healthy carb as part of our diet.

Rice – although rice is bad for people with type 2 diabetes, there are exceptions. Basmati rice and brown rice are acceptable.

Bread – similar to rice, almost all bread are bad for people with type 2 diabetes, with the exception of pumpernickel bread which has low GI index, and sourdough bread which has medium GI index.

Fruits – bananas, most berries (strawberry, blueberry, blackberry), prunes, apples, oranges. Fruits should be eaten in moderation if they are medium GI index such as oranges.

Vegetables – almost all vegetables are safe to eat.

Beans and peas – beans and peas are good for people with type 2 diabetes. For instance, black beans, red beans, green peas, chickpeas, and any other kind of beans are low in GI value and safe to consume.

Meat, poultry, fish, and other seafood products – this is safe to eat because they do not have GI value. Of course you still have to eat them in moderation because they contain fat and cholesterol, so eating too much of this is not good either.

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Meals for diabetics type 2 – summary

Based on the list above, you can easily make a conclusion of what kind of meals you can safely consume. For instance, you can make any meal containing baked salmon, grilled chicken, with salad and baked beans as a side. You can easily find a lot of recipes online as long as you choose from the low GI index food above.

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Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

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One of the fastest growing jobs we have today is a job which is in health related industry, including diabetes management. That is why diabetes health counselor job description is one of the most sought after information. Read below for the best information on diabetes health counselor job description. What is diabetes health counselor job [...]

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