Meals for Diabetics Type 2

by admin on February 24, 2017

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Most people have this misconception that if you have diabetes type 2 then your options for meals will be severely limited. Meals for diabetics type 2 are delicious, rich and varied if you know what to choose.

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Meals for diabetics type 2 – overview

First you should know about glycemic index, which measures how fast a certain food can cause your glucose or also known as blood sugar level, to spike really high after a meal. High glycemic index food, also known as high GI food, should be avoided. Low GI food will raise your glucose level more slowly and over time, will stabilize your glucose level as well as the HBA1C number.

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Meals for diabetics type 2 – the GI index list

When it comes to choosing the right meals for diabetics type 2, the first and foremost action plan is to avoid high GI food. Below is a short list of high GI food.

Potatoes – baked potatoes, French fries, potato chips.

Rice – short grain white rice, long grain white rice, jasmine rice, sticky rice, enriched rice.

Bread – white bread, Italian bread.

Bakery products – bagels, pretzels, donuts, croissant.

Juice – almost all kind of fruit juice need to be avoided since they are high in sugar. Most are made from concentrate with added sugar.

Fruits – melon, watermelon, pineapple, cherries, dried cherries, raisins, grapes.

Cereal – most cereals have high GI index, for example fruit loops, corn flakes. One exception is the All Bran which has a medium to low GI index so it is safe to consume. Look at the labels closely to find out the sugar and carb content.

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Meals for diabetics type 2 – food with low GI index

Pasta – most pasta have medium GI index, so they are safe to consume. Pasta is a good substitute for rice and potatoes as the source of carb. We still need healthy carb as part of our diet.

Rice – although rice is bad for people with type 2 diabetes, there are exceptions. Basmati rice and brown rice are acceptable.

Bread – similar to rice, almost all bread are bad for people with type 2 diabetes, with the exception of pumpernickel bread which has low GI index, and sourdough bread which has medium GI index.

Fruits – bananas, most berries (strawberry, blueberry, blackberry), prunes, apples, oranges. Fruits should be eaten in moderation if they are medium GI index such as oranges.

Vegetables – almost all vegetables are safe to eat.

Beans and peas – beans and peas are good for people with type 2 diabetes. For instance, black beans, red beans, green peas, chickpeas, and any other kind of beans are low in GI value and safe to consume.

Meat, poultry, fish, and other seafood products – this is safe to eat because they do not have GI value. Of course you still have to eat them in moderation because they contain fat and cholesterol, so eating too much of this is not good either.

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Meals for diabetics type 2 – summary

Based on the list above, you can easily make a conclusion of what kind of meals you can safely consume. For instance, you can make any meal containing baked salmon, grilled chicken, with salad and baked beans as a side. You can easily find a lot of recipes online as long as you choose from the low GI index food above.

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Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

by admin on February 24, 2017

If you have diabetes, you must know what ketoacidosis is, because left untreated, it is a condition that can lead to serious implications. Being familiar with the following signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis can save your life.

First before we dig deep into signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, let’s start with getting familiar with the term ketoacidosis. This is the condition when our body produces ketones, which is the by-product of our own metabolism when our body starts burning fat instead of glucose.

Ketones are basically some form of acids which exist in the blood and they also appear in the urine. This usually happens when the build up of ketones in our blood is high and our body does not have enough insulin. Normally, our body will turn carbohydrates into glucose for energy, which is used by our cells and tissues. When our body’s cells do not get enough energy from glucose, they will start burning fat to get the energy needed.

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The side effect of this is that our body can have a high level of ketones. Why is this bad? This is a dangerous condition because high levels of ketones can lead to serious condition such as diabetic coma, or even death.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Now that we know how ketoacidosis happens, we need to understand the next step which is to know the signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis.

The first and most important signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis is the presence of high ketones level in your urine. That is a sign that the diabetes condition is out of control and you are getting sick. The reason is because if the level of ketones is too high, they can poison your body. This poisoning of the body by ketones is what is called ketoacidosis.

The other symptoms are very similar to the usual diabetes signs, such as nausea, trembling, feeling weak, vomiting, frequent urination, thirst, dry mouth, and sweating. These signs are not definitive, so you have to check your urine with the physician to know for sure.

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Ketoacidosis is a condition that is normally associated with type 1 diabetes, where the body does not produce insulin. It is rare in people with type 2 diabetes, because the body still produces insulin although the body is not responding effectively to it. However it may happen to type 2 diabetes patients especially if they have poor health, or if they are older.

Now that we know the signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, what is the treatment? Unfortunately the only effective treatment is hospitalization. However, the good news is that modern technology allows you to detect ketones with a simple urine test. You use a test strip which is similar to the glucose strip you use to test your blood level. Please check with your physician if this is something that you need to worry about. The regular physical examination will be able to tell you if you are in danger of having high ketones level and in need of a regular ketones test at home.

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