Diabetes Rates by Country

by admin on June 3, 2020

Diabetes is one of the fastest growing non communicable diseases in the world. The rate of each country varies wildly, so obviously it is of high interest to know diabetes rates by country using the latest available data. The finding has a lot of surprises.

From the latest available figure, which is from 2010, it was estimated about 285 million people suffer from type 2 diabetes. Both developed and developing nations have a high rate of diabetes, but it is quite rare in poor or underdeveloped countries. From this basic and simple fact we can see that lifestyle is the reason for this increase. For instance, developed and developing countries have generally more sedentary lifestyle due to technology, yet at the same time they have access to more unhealthy food. People from underdeveloped countries on the other hand, do not have excess food intake, hence the obesity is low, and yet they do not have technology to rely on so physical activities remain high.

Diabetes Rates by Country

diabetes rates by country diabetes rates by country

As mentioned earlier, it was estimated that there are 285 million people with diabetes. Of those about 90% of diabetes cases is type 2 diabetes. In comparison to the world’s population, this is more than 5% of the world’s adult population, so this is a high, and sadly increasing numbers. Although diabetes is common both in developed and developing countries, it remains uncommon, however, in the underdeveloped world where the populations have different lifestyle. It has been postulated and probably quite accurately that people in underdeveloped countries are more active and at the same time do not over eat; two of the main known causes of diabetes. That is why it comes to no one’s surprise that the top of the lists are countries that have adopted a more modern life style and food, including fast food.

In terms of gender, women seem to be at a greater risk in getting diabetes, compared to men. Scientists have not come to any definite conclusion based on their studies to answer this basic fact. As for ethnicity, certain ethnic groups have higher rate of diabetes compared to others, for instance South Asians, Pacific Islanders, Latinos, and Native Americans. As mentioned earlier, this may be caused by the adoption of a Western lifestyle in certain ethnic groups, including the spread of fast food in those countries which happened only in recent years.

diabetes rates by country - world diabetes statistics world diabetes statistics

Compared to previous years, what is the situation today? Based on the data from various reputable organizations such as WHO, CDC, we know that the cases of diabetes in 1985 were estimated at 30 million, increasing to 135 million in 1995 and 217 million in 2005. This increase is caused by a decrease in exercise and the adoption of a more sedentary lifestyle, and increasing rates of obesity with the spread of western style food including fast food.

Below is the list of diabetes rates by country as of 2010.

Country Diabetes Rate
 Nauru  30.9%
 UAE  18.7%
 Saudi Arabia  16.8%
 Mauritius  16.2%
 Bahrain  15.4%
 Reunion  15.3%
 Kuwait  14.6%
 Oman  13.4%
 Tonga  13.4%
 Malaysia  11.6%

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Is Type 1 Diabetes an Autoimmune Disease

by admin on June 3, 2020

Type 1 diabetes accounts less than 10% of all diabetes cases. While type 2 diabetes is due to an insufficiency of insulin, or of cells resistance to insulin, type 1 diabetes is different; it is caused by the lack of insulin produced by our body. Please read further to understand the answer to the question of is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease or not.

Is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease – background

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Type 1 diabetes is a condition where the body does not produce enough insulin, which is produced in the pancreas, to regulate the blood sugar. As we know the cells need glucose to power the cells and tissues in our body as the source of energy. In order for the glucose to be useful for the cells, we need insulin. Without insulin the glucose will not be able to be used by the cells and as a result the glucose level in the blood rises and the cells will not get enough energy. Naturally the glucose level will increase after we consume carbohydrates from eating, so we expect the pancreas to produce the insulin to regulate it.

which type of diabetes is insulin dependent which type of diabetes is insulin dependent

Is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease – symptoms

The symptom of type 1 diabetes is frequent urination, urination at night, extreme thirst, and also dehydration. The other symptoms include blurry vision, hunger, lack of energy, and also mood change.

There is also another symptom of type 1 diabetes which is common: unexplainable weight loss. Insufficient level of insulin causes the glucose not able to be used as energy source by the cells. To power the cells and tissues, the body has to use fat and muscles, which results in weight loss.

Is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease – diagnosis

To diagnose a high glucose level condition doctors first measure the level of glucose after 12 hours of fasting, also called fasting plasma glucose test. Usually this is followed by another test called HBA1C test in the lab.

Definition: Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (type 1) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease of the pancreas, resulting in a lack of insulin.

Is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease – treatment

The only effective treatment for type 1 diabetes is the use of insulin, usually in the form of injections before meals or when needed. This is a life-long treatment, using the proper dosage of insulin determined by the doctor, and the diet plan tailored for each person by a certified dietitian.

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Is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease?

Based on all the information and explanation described above, type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. This condition usually starts a long time before symptoms appear, or diagnosis is made by a doctor. The reason is because the problem in the production of insulin by the pancreas has to be severe before the symptoms appear. The rate of how fast the problem develops differs between individuals, and the cause for the autoimmune is not known. Researchers have speculated that there are environmental factors and also family genetics situation, which make some people susceptible to developing type 1 diabetes, but this is inconclusive.

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