Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

by admin on March 27, 2020

If you have diabetes, you must know what ketoacidosis is, because left untreated, it is a condition that can lead to serious implications. Being familiar with the following signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis can save your life.

First before we dig deep into signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, let’s start with getting familiar with the term ketoacidosis. This is the condition when our body produces ketones, which is the by-product of our own metabolism when our body starts burning fat instead of glucose.

Ketones are basically some form of acids which exist in the blood and they also appear in the urine. This usually happens when the build up of ketones in our blood is high and our body does not have enough insulin. Normally, our body will turn carbohydrates into glucose for energy, which is used by our cells and tissues. When our body’s cells do not get enough energy from glucose, they will start burning fat to get the energy needed.

signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis

The side effect of this is that our body can have a high level of ketones. Why is this bad? This is a dangerous condition because high levels of ketones can lead to serious condition such as diabetic coma, or even death.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Now that we know how ketoacidosis happens, we need to understand the next step which is to know the signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis.

The first and most important signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis is the presence of high ketones level in your urine. That is a sign that the diabetes condition is out of control and you are getting sick. The reason is because if the level of ketones is too high, they can poison your body. This poisoning of the body by ketones is what is called ketoacidosis.

The other symptoms are very similar to the usual diabetes signs, such as nausea, trembling, feeling weak, vomiting, frequent urination, thirst, dry mouth, and sweating. These signs are not definitive, so you have to check your urine with the physician to know for sure.

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Ketoacidosis is a condition that is normally associated with type 1 diabetes, where the body does not produce insulin. It is rare in people with type 2 diabetes, because the body still produces insulin although the body is not responding effectively to it. However it may happen to type 2 diabetes patients especially if they have poor health, or if they are older.

Now that we know the signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, what is the treatment? Unfortunately the only effective treatment is hospitalization. However, the good news is that modern technology allows you to detect ketones with a simple urine test. You use a test strip which is similar to the glucose strip you use to test your blood level. Please check with your physician if this is something that you need to worry about. The regular physical examination will be able to tell you if you are in danger of having high ketones level and in need of a regular ketones test at home.

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