Is Type 1 Diabetes an Autoimmune Disease

by admin on August 21, 2017

Type 1 diabetes accounts less than 10% of all diabetes cases. While type 2 diabetes is due to an insufficiency of insulin, or of cells resistance to insulin, type 1 diabetes is different; it is caused by the lack of insulin produced by our body. Please read further to understand the answer to the question of is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease or not.

Is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease – background

is it right type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease? is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease?

Type 1 diabetes is a condition where the body does not produce enough insulin, which is produced in the pancreas, to regulate the blood sugar. As we know the cells need glucose to power the cells and tissues in our body as the source of energy. In order for the glucose to be useful for the cells, we need insulin. Without insulin the glucose will not be able to be used by the cells and as a result the glucose level in the blood rises and the cells will not get enough energy. Naturally the glucose level will increase after we consume carbohydrates from eating, so we expect the pancreas to produce the insulin to regulate it.

which type of diabetes is insulin dependent which type of diabetes is insulin dependent

Is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease – symptoms

The symptom of type 1 diabetes is frequent urination, urination at night, extreme thirst, and also dehydration. The other symptoms include blurry vision, hunger, lack of energy, and also mood change.

There is also another symptom of type 1 diabetes which is common: unexplainable weight loss. Insufficient level of insulin causes the glucose not able to be used as energy source by the cells. To power the cells and tissues, the body has to use fat and muscles, which results in weight loss.

Is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease – diagnosis

To diagnose a high glucose level condition doctors first measure the level of glucose after 12 hours of fasting, also called fasting plasma glucose test. Usually this is followed by another test called HBA1C test in the lab.

Definition: Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (type 1) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease of the pancreas, resulting in a lack of insulin.

Is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease – treatment

The only effective treatment for type 1 diabetes is the use of insulin, usually in the form of injections before meals or when needed. This is a life-long treatment, using the proper dosage of insulin determined by the doctor, and the diet plan tailored for each person by a certified dietitian.

in type 1 diabetes the may be destroyed by an autoimmune disease in type 1 diabetes the may be destroyed by an autoimmune disease

Is type 1 diabetes an autoimmune disease?

Based on all the information and explanation described above, type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. This condition usually starts a long time before symptoms appear, or diagnosis is made by a doctor. The reason is because the problem in the production of insulin by the pancreas has to be severe before the symptoms appear. The rate of how fast the problem develops differs between individuals, and the cause for the autoimmune is not known. Researchers have speculated that there are environmental factors and also family genetics situation, which make some people susceptible to developing type 1 diabetes, but this is inconclusive.

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