Diabetes Mellitus is a Disorder of The Glucose Level

by admin on June 17, 2017

Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder of the glucose level in our body, meaning the glucose level in our body is unstable. While doctors do not know precisely the cause of diabetes mellitus, the reason is clear which is there is not enough insulin to regulate the glucose level in our system.

Although the actual cause of diabetes mellitus is not clear, there are several reason people have diabetes mellitus, which can be caused by several factors.  The most common factor is because they are obese or overweight. It has been shown that a significant weight loss in diabetes patients reduce or even reverse diabetes mellitus type 2 of it is caught early. The other factor is a lack of physical activity. An increase in exercise or physical activity can reduce the symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 2.

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Diabetes Mellitus is a Disorder of The Glucose Level

The glucose level in our system is regulated by the hormone insulin. When the glucose level is unstable, whether it is too high or too low, people will develop a condition called hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, or hyperglycemia or high blood sugar. In a normal body, the glucose level is regulated by insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. In people with diabetes mellitus, they are suffering from the following condition:

The pancreas does not produce insulin

The pancreas produces too little insulin

The body is not responding to insulin

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 The first condition where the pancreas does not produce insulin is called diabetes mellitus type 1. The only solution to this is by taking insulin injection.

The second and third conditions are known as diabetes mellitus type 2. People suffering from this condition can greatly benefit an increase in physical activity, a better diet, a significant weight loss if they are overweight, and in some cases will be able to reverse it if caught early. The increase in metabolism from exercise will increase the insulin level which naturally will lower the glucose level.

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A better diet is also prescribed by doctors and dietitians or diabetes counselors, because there are many foods that need to be avoided if you have diabetes mellitus. These foods are known as high glycemic index food. High glycemic index food is the type of food that can cause a spike in your glucose level. Avoiding these types of food will enable you to control your glucose level at a more appropriate level without the help of drugs.

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Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of the glucose level; hence the solution is to manage the glucose level at an acceptable level. You have to measure your glucose level on a daily basis using the glucose meter reading. The acceptable level for glucose level is under 100 in your meter reading, taken in the morning after 10 hours of fasting. A reading of 100 to 120 means you are at a condition called prediabetic. This is a condition where if treated early and managed well, you can reverse your diabetes and will never become a full blown diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of the glucose level. If the glucose level is unstable, you have to take action before it becomes a full blown diabetes mellitus.

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