Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes Chart

by admin on May 15, 2013

There are two types of diabetes; type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. These two diabetes types have several key differences, for instance the differences in cause, symptoms, characteristics, and management. The easiest way to find out the differences, as well as similarities between the two, is through comparing the type 1 vs type 2 diabetes chart.

Type 1 diabetes usually starts to be diagnosed in children and young adults, but it can occur at any age. Type 1 diabetes can be caused by genetic, environmental, and other factors. The total sufferers of type 1 diabetes are about 5 to 10% of all diabetes cases. There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes, and effective treatment includes the use of insulin.

type 1 vs type 2 diabetes chart type 1 vs type 2 diabetes chart

Type 2 diabetes cases are about 90 to 95% of all diabetes cases with the usual cause to be obesity and physical inactivity or sedentary lifestyle, family history of type 2 diabetes, and unhealthy diet. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or even reversed, through healthy diet, moderate exercise and physical activity, and by following a weight loss program that will keep the weight away permanently.

Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes Chart

To understand better the comparison between the two, we can look at type 1 vs type 2 diabetes chart. Below is a sample of chart for the most commonly known symptoms of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Chart 1 – The most well known symptoms of diabetes

Symptoms Diabetes type 1 Diabetes type 2
Thirst and hunger Yes Yes
Weight loss Yes Yes
Frequent urination Yes Yes
Frequent infection No Yes
Blurred vision No Yes
Tingling on feet/legs No Yes
Feeling tired Yes Yes

Other important factors in diabetes are the management of the disease. Whether it is type 1 or type 2, both require proper management and they are different. For instance, type 1 diabetes people do not produce insulin in their body, but type 2 diabetes people produce insulin but either they are insufficient, or the body does not react to it well enough to lower glucose. Therefore type 2 diabetes patients sometimes require insulin injection, but frequently they do not.

That is why in type 1 diabetes, lifestyle change is not a solution to reduce glucose level in their body, unlike type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, diet and exercise will improve the body’s metabolism and in turn it will produce more insulin naturally, to lower the glucose level in the blood system.

Also treatment by using drugs in the form of pills, for instance metformin, is only for type 2 diabetes. Diabetes pills work only for type 2 diabetes, and not for type 1 diabetes.

Below is a sample of of chart for the most well known management of diabetes.

Chart 2 – The most well known management of diabetes

Management Diabetes type 1 Diabetes type 2
Diet and exercise No Yes
Weight loss No Yes
Pill No Yes
Insulin Yes Maybe

There are many other comparisons to be made. The above charts are only a small sample of type 1 vs type 2 diabetes charts that can be made. I hope these charts are useful and can help you compare both types of diabetes easily.

{ 1 comment… read it below or add one }

munnaamalai January 3, 2014 at 12:26 pm

very thanks for the information


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